A new study from the University of Minnesota has found that white women are still more likely to receive engagement rings than black or Asian women.
The study found that black women were less likely to be offered an engagement ring than their white counterparts.
The study also found that while the number of white women receiving engagement rings dropped from a high of 3% in 1940 to 3.3% in 1960, the number rose again to 6.3 percent in 1990.
The number of black women receiving rings dropped in the same period to 4.6 percent.
The study was led by Edwardian engagement ring financing pioneer Whitney Cummings, who said in an email to Business Insider that the findings should be of concern for both black and white women.
“While black women may still be more likely than white women to be served by the industry, white women’s engagement rings may be seen by some as a sign of privilege, and may be less appreciated as a representation of blackness,” Cumming wrote.
“The white women may also perceive white women as being less of a match for their ring choice, and thus more likely not to accept engagement rings.”
In the study, researchers asked 2,072 white women and 1,917 black women about the experience of engagement rings in the 1920s and ’30s.
They also surveyed a random sample of white men and women who were interested in getting married in the late ’20s.
The findings of the research indicate that white engagement ring funding grew dramatically in the early 1920s, even though there were still no formal engagement rings available.
The research also showed that engagement rings were more popular among wealthy women, as well as older women, with the highest rates of engagement ring purchases.
According to the study’s findings, white engagement rate in 1920s was 3.6% compared to 6% for black women and 4.7% for Asian women, which was higher than the 3.2% rate for white men.
White women were more likely in the ’20, ’30 and ’40 to receive an engagement piece of jewelry, while black women received rings in greater numbers than white men during the ’30 to ’40 period.
Cummings said in the email that it is possible that the white engagement rose out of a more overt form of racism and sexism, but she noted that the trend in the mid-20s may have been the result of white people being less comfortable with wearing a white wedding band than the white women were.
Cummaings said that the most common reason for white women wanting a ring was that they wanted to look classy.
She also said that a white woman should not wear an engagement band unless it is a ring she is very familiar with, and a white man should not be surprised to see white women wearing rings because they are the majority of white wedding guests.
“There are other, more subtle, ways that white men may be feeling uncomfortable with the white wedding tradition,” Cummaings wrote.
“It’s hard to imagine how the white tradition could be better represented if white women had been treated differently by the ’40s and early ’50s.”
While white women continue to receive more engagement rings today, they are not the majority.
Black women received only 7.2 percent of all rings in 1960 and 6.4 percent in 1970.
Asian women also received the lowest percentage of engagement pieces at 4.9 percent in 1960 but saw their share of rings grow to 6 percent in 1980.